Infectious Diseases


child patient vaccine vaccination

What is chickenpox? Chickenpox is a contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus. The virus takes about 10 to 20 days to incubate after which an itchy blister rash appears. The disease is common with children but can also affect adults who are not vaccinated or have not been infected …

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From 1st January to 1st August 2021 there have been about 6,700 cases of measles in Nigeria. Source ( What is Measles? Measles is a highly contagious viral disease caused by the morbillivirus. It is characterized by fever and rash. Although measles is often associated with childhood illness, adults can …

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polio vaccination

So far 187 cases of polio have been reported in Nigeria in 2021. Source (WHO) What is Polio? Poliomyelitis is a viral infection that mainly affects children under the age of 5 years, it can be fatal and lead to lifelong paralysis. The Poliovirus are of three types (Type 1, …

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Yellow Fever

yellow fever patient

There are about 500 cases of yellow fever in Nigeria annually – WHO What is yellow fever? Yellow fever is an acute viral haemorrhagic disease transmitted by infected Aedes aegypti mosquitos common in tropical regions of the world including Nigeria. It is characterised by jaundice and yellow skin hence the …

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cholera outbreak patient

Between 1st January and 1st August 2021, there have been about 31,000 suspected cases of cholera in Nigeria. Source ( What is Cholera? Cholera is an infectious bacterial disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholera. If left untreated can be fatal, as it is often characterized by severe diarrhoea and …

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