Sexually Transmitted Diseases or Infections

sexually transmitted diseases

What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

STD/STI are illnesses caused by bacteria, viruses and protozoa that can cause great discomfort to being outrightly deathly. They are transmitted from person to person through either oral, anal or vaginal sex, some others through bodily contact.

What are the symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

The symptoms vary from disease to disease but here are common symptoms.

  • Painful urination.
  • Abnormal odor and color of vaginal discharge.
  • Sores and warts in the genitals.
  • Sores around the mouth.
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding.
  • Anal Sores and Itching.  

List of sexually Transmitted Diseases:

Who is most adversely affected by Sexually Transmitted diseases?

Sexually Transmitted diseases affect both males and females and create discomfort in both parties. But also the women tend to have more adverse complications from long untreated STI/STDs, which can lead to loss of pregnancy, low birth weight, or stillbirth in pregnant women. 

How are sexually transmitted diseases diagnosed?

Depending on the symptoms sexually transmitted diseases can be diagnosed in a number of ways;

  • Sample from vagina fluid or discharge from the penis is taken to the lab and tested
  • A blood test can be carried out.
  • Physical examination of the affected area genitals or otherwise.

How are Sexually Transmitted Diseases Prevented?

  • Abstinence from sexual activities is the first and most effective way to prevent sexually transmitted diseases or infections.
  • Other ways include not having multiple sexual partners.
  • Vaccination especially against Hepatitis A and B.
  • The correct use of latex or polyurethane condoms although not 100% but can reduce the spread of sexually transmitted diseases or infections.

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